Commission on National Education, 1959
Introduction to the Commission on National Education
Commission on National Education 1959 also called Sharif Commission known after its chairman S.M Sharif. The Commission on National Education was appointed by the government of Pakistan by a resolution on 30th December, 1958. The reason behind this commission was that the existing education system was not appropriate to meet the requirements of the nation. President, Mohammad Ayub Khan inaugurated this commission on 5th January, 1959. The President stressed the need for organizing the system of education in Pakistan and re-orientation of the traditional education system, which reﬂect our moral, spiritual and cultural values so that everyone can easily become the part of it and reach to the outcomes which was sat by our national leaders as well as to meet the challenges of the growing needs of the nation in the ﬁeld of science and technology. All the previous reports and outcomes were analyzed by the commission and the reforms movements in other societies and submitted and comprehensive report to the Government after one year 1960.
Objectives of the commission on national education 1959
- Creating and Training of manpower and develop Human capital for the country,
- To satisfy the needs and aspirations of the people of Pakistan.
- To provide skills and better opportunities for development of all the vocational abilities which help in creation of a progressive and Democratic society.
- To preserve the ideas which led to the creation of uniﬁed nation.
- To create a sense of unity and brotherhood in the society and nationhood among the people.
- Creation of a social welfare state
- Engineering the skills and Training of leadership group of government for commercial development ,
- Creating new Engineers scientist and technicians
- Creating beneﬁts and opportunities of education available to all citizen.
- Strengthening of intellectual abilities and character building of the individuals
- To create a sense of dignity of labour in the society.
- To teach spiritual and moral values.
The Commission recommended the basic education for a child that achieving 5- year compulsory education within the period of 10-years as well as 8-years compulsory schooling within a total period 15 years. The objective of primary education was to make a child functionally literate that help him to develop all aspects of his personality and to equip him with basic knowledge and skills.
The prospectus and the syllabus was adapted with respect to the mental abilities of the child which help to develop basic skills. The activity based teaching methods was adopted in the carriculam. Religious education made compulsory and due emphasis should be given to teaching of national language.
Secondary education was made a separate academic and administrative unit that should be recognized as a complete stage in itself. Secondary education should bring about the full development of the child (a) as an individual, (b) as a citizen, (c) as a worker, and (d) as a patriot enable him to understand and enjoy the beneﬁts of social progress, scientiﬁc discovery and invention, and to participate in economically useful activities