Factors influence Foreign policy, Internal Factors (Size and Population,Geography,Culture and Traditions


Factors influence Foreign policy

Various factors influence the foreign policy of a country and works to strengthen the relations between states, these factors has a lot of significance in the foreign policy. These factors include internal and external factors. Some of the important factors which influenced foreign policy are given below.

Internal Factors

Size and Population

The territory and population of a state greatly influence its foreign policy, having a big territory means state has a lot of natural resources in it possession as well as a big population means a big consumer market. People of countries having big territory and population expect their country to carry a great weight in international affairs and people and countries having small territory and population do not expect their country to carry a great weight in international affairs. For example, China and India, having big population with big consumer market as well as the labor market for the industries and this population gave them voice to say in the international affairs. The size and population gave a great impact to the foreign policy of any country in the international affairs. On the other hand some of the small countries having less population has a great say in the international affairs just because of having rich in natural resources, and this natural resource give them a great impact in the international politics.


A geography of a country always plays a significance role in its foreign policy. It is a major factor which determines its self-sufficiency. A geographically land locked country, present at the topics and not having any important trade route as well as present near to the superpowers, are less self-sufficient as compared to the country, having good geographical location with important trade routes, warm water, temperate and access to other nations are more self-sufficient. This geographical location create its significance in the international arena and give voice to the country in international affairs. Historically the country which were present in between sea routes and islands were having a lot of significance but the technological advancement, equipment, developments and the means of transportation has diminished their significance and the countries geographically having access to other nation are in advantage.

Culture and Traditions

The cultural and Historical tradition of a country deeply influence the foreign policy. A country having people with common culture and tradition can pursue a strong foreign policy and their policy is supported by all the section of society. The culture and tradition is also helpful for making friends in the international affairs because states having same culture and tradition makes a unified common interest in the international affairs and this shared values and decisions creates its place in international politics. The most common example of this history and culture is the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC)


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