National Education Conference (1947)
Pakistan came into being with the struggle of our national leaders but independence of a country cannot be sustained without having human capital. Because after independence there were not a single education policy which deals with the coming generation to educate. So after freedom in 1947 a conference was arranged to structure the education system of Pakistan. Our founder Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah could not attend this due to illness, but his message was forwarded in the session, which later laid down the foundation for recommendations of education policy.
Quaid’s message to the conference contained four major parts;
It should be consonant with our history and culture.
It should emphasis on science and technology.
Education system should suit the genius of Pakistan
It should inculcate high sense of honor and integrity.
Recommendations of the conference were:
Education should be teamed with Islamic values.
Free and compulsory education in Pakistan.
Emphasis on science and technical education.
The Conference formed a number of committees
Implementation of the National Education Conference (1947)
The policy could not implemented in Pakistan because of huge immigrants and a newly born country had a lot of problems to generate revenues and the expenses would have incurred in it, and other administrative problems of new born country. So more or less we can say that British colonial system was continued.
The article 25-A of Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan says,
“The state shall provide free and compulsory education to all children of the age of five to sixteen years in such a manner as may be determined by law”.
Pakistan achieved independence from British colonial rule with 85% of illiterate people as well as the condition of women and backward areas was even worse so this policy was the first steps towards education development in Pakistan was the National Education Conference in 1947. The Quaid-e-Azam, message to the Conferences was,
“There is no doubt that the future of our State will and must greatly depend upon the type of education we give to our children, and the way in which we bring them up as future citizens of Pakistan ….. We should not forget that we have to compete with the world which is moving very fast in this direction.”
This conference was held in 27 Dec 1947 in Karachi. Produced a strong philosophy of as well as a number of ambitious recommendations indicating the future goals of education in Pakistan Nevertheless, many of its recommendations remained in documentary form only for the lack of institutional or economic resources to pursue them.